Mandalay, established in 1857, is the last capital of the Myanmar Kings, and located in the Central Myanmar, 668 km north of Yangon. It is Myanmar’s second largest city, with a population of more than a million.
Mandalay is the nation’s cultural capital and the commercial hub of upper Myanmar with rail, road, river and air links to all parts of the country.
There’s also a wealth of stunning monasteries, most of which lie west of the city Centre.
Mandalay is best known not only for it’s rich traditional, cultural and spiritual splendor but also exquisite handicraft such as hand-woven embroidery in silk and cotton, the incredible process of making gold leaves, wood and stone carving and bronze casting etc.
At the foot of Mandalay Hill sits the world’s official “Buddhist Bible”, also known as the world’s largest book, in Kuthodaw Pagoda. The styles of Mandalay Buddha Images and Buddha Statues were many since King Mandon, who was a devout Buddhist, and had filled Mandalay with them and through the years Mandalay Buddhist art became established as the pure art of Myanmar.
There are several ancient capitals around Mandalay such as Amapura, Sagaing, Ava, Mingun where Kongbaung dynasty kings established their capitals respectively.
Mandalay is twinned (twin town sister cities) with Cirebon (Indonesia), Kunming (China), and Phnom Penh (Cambodia).