- Kyaikhtiyo Pagoda is a famous legendary pagoda, located in the small town called Kyaikhto, in the Mon State. The pagoda is also known as "the golden rock"pagoda.
- It is 160km away from Yangon and 4 hour drive.
- The pagoda is situated on a rocky mountain 1100m (3615 ft) above sea-level.
- It is a 11 km uphill climb for the hikers from Kinpun base camp to the rock, if we trek, it takes 7 hrs walk or 1 hr drive up hill by open truck to Hermit hill. Again 45 minutes trek to reach the Golden Rock or the people who can not trek the palanquins are available.
- Kyaikhtiyo pagoda is one of the most ancient and celebrated of all pagodas in Myanmar and said to have been built during the life-time of the Buddha over 2400 years .
- It is built on the top of a granite boulder covered with gold leaves pasted on by devotees.
- According to legend, the Golden Rock itself is precariously perched on a strand of the Buddha's hair. The balancing rock seems to defy gravity, as it perpetually appears to be on the verge of rolling down the hill. The rock and the pagoda are at the top of Mt. Kyaiktiyo. A glimpse of the "gravity defying" Golden Rock is believed to be enough of an inspiration for any person to turn to Buddhism.
- It is the third most important Buddhist pilgrimage site in Burma after the Shwedagon Pagoda and the Mahamuni Pagoda.
- Legends also mention that pilgrims undertaking the pilgrimage by trekking from the Kinpun base camp three times consecutively in a year will be blessed with wealth and recognition
- The season of pilgrimage is from October to May.
Kyaiktiyo Pagoda or Golden Rock has become a popular pilgrimage and also tourist attraction. At the peak of the pilgrimage season, during November to March, an atmosphere of devotion is witnessed at Kyaikhtiyo pagoda. As the golden rock gleams in different shades from dawn to dusk (the sight at dawn and at sunset are unique), pilgrims’ chants reverberate in the precincts of the shrine. Lighting of candles, meditation and offerings to the Buddha continues throughout the night. Men cross over a bridge across an abyss to affix golden leaves (square in shape) on the face of the Golden Rock, in deep veneration.